West Canfield Historic District

West Canfield between Second and Third Avenues and 4301 to 4325
Third Avenue near the Cass Corridor in Detroit

When the French government granted rights to land in the Detroit area in the first one-third of the 18th Century, they created ribbon farms. These were narrow farms that had a short frontage along the Detroit River and then extended for a long distance inland; that is, they resembled ribbons. In the late 18th Century, the Macomb family acquired the farm that contains what is now the Cass Corridor. Lewis Cass was appointed territorial governor after 1805, and in 1818, he purchased the Macomb Farm. This area is still known to some Detroit historians as the Cass Farm area. Lewis Cass, after serving as territorial governor, was appointed Secretary of War by President Jackson. He died in 1866 and three years later, his two daughters divided the farm. Mary Cass Canfield named a street for her late husband.

In 1871, prosperous Detroit attorneys, physicians, dentists and architects began building elaborate homes in this area, primarily in the Queen Anne and High Victorian style. This Historic District illustrates very clearly the housing tastes of those Detroit families who became prosperous in the first decade of the city's industrial history. This is, I believe, the only still intact block in Detroit of homes from the 1870s.

This block of Detroit did not survive the city's economic and demographic changes very well, and by 1967, many of the homes were dilapidated. In 1969, the Canfield-West Wayne Preservation Association was organized to foster the restoration of these beautiful homes. In 1970, this became Detroit's first historic district, and in 1971, it was listed on the National Register. In 1997, the West Canfield Historic District was expanded to include two Victorian commercial buildings and one Queen Anne style residence on
West Third.

Architectural style: Queen Anne and Gothic
Date Completed: 1870s and 1880s.
State Historical Register: P4470 and P26167; West Canfield Historic District listed November 6, 1970 and Boundary Increase September 22, 1997
Historical markers, erected Augusted 29, 1990, are at the intersections of Canfield with Second and Third
National Register: Listed May 27, 1971

 

 

 

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